sweet potato vine varieties

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sweet potato vine varieties

Darby – Deep red skin, deep orange flesh, vigorous vines. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). Yams are any of various tropical species of the genus Dioscorea. Whether its orange or white flesh, red or white skin, or even Japanese, you can order anything you need from Scott Farms. Kenneth Pecota, a North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the Sweet Caroline series of ornamental sweet potato vines. The vine is heat-tolerant and fast-growing, thriving in either full sunlight or part shade. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). Ornamental sweet potato is an attractive version of the edible sweet potato. In the first table, the Parentage column briefly explains how the sweet potato cultivar was bred. I understand that they are not the tastiest kinds of sweet potatoes, but I would like to save them to plant again in the spring. Introduction. The skin of a sweet potato root is a different color than the flesh. Gardeners turn to the sweet potato vine for its ability to power through just about anything while bringing interesting shapes, sizes, and colors to a pot or plot. Varieties of Sweet Potato Vine . [1] As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. The new varieties were initially met with resistance in nurseries but are now widely available. Similar to Redmar, but different skin color. (Vine Type.) Here are some common sweet potato types: Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh. World-wide there are about 6,500 sweet potato varieties including wild accessions, farmer varieties, and breeding lines. An old-fashioned sweet potato that is perhaps the sweetest of all varieties. The vine generally grows back with the same color the following spring. Okla. 29 × Orlis [Okla. 29-Parent 10 (see Allgold) × L37 (see Red Gold)], Roots and vines are like yellow Jersey or Orlis; shouldered leaves, USDA ARS; Tropical Agricultural Research Station, International Institute of Tropical Agr. They grow best at temperatures in excess of 25°C (77°F) in well-draining, loamy soil with a pH of 5.6–6.6. The Kotobuki is great for baking, great in salads, tempura, soups, stews, and stir-fries. (Humans metabolize carotene into vitamin A.) A vine-type variety, it is known for its great taste, making it an excellent baking and cooking potato. The more orange the flesh of a sweet potato root is, the more nutritious carotene it has. The sweet potato or sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. For these varieties root tubers can … Climate and Sweet Potatoes. Sweet potatoes should be planted in full sun and require plenty of space as the vines will spread over large areas. What Colors Does a Sweet Potato Vine Come In? Matures in 100+ days. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It contains deep red color tubers having white flesh which is 20cm long and 4cm wide. Soil samples for physical and chemical analysis were collected at 0 … In the mid-20th century, sweet potato growers in the Southern United States began marketing orange-fleshed sweet potatoes as "yams", in an attempt to differentiate them from pale-fleshed sweet potatoes. Q. I recently pulled out a decorative sweet potato vine as I was cleaning out my planters for the season and found HUGE tubers under the soil. Varieties of Sweet Potato. Sweet potato vine cuttings should be planted during June to July for rainfed conditions. Do Yukon Potato Plants Flower Before Bearing? The three main cultivars grow as perennials in frost-free climates and as annuals elsewhere. Like sweet potatoes, ornamental sweet potato produces tuberous, edible roots, though these are not especially palatable. Incidentally, yams and sweet potatoes are different. Geraniums are longtime classics for growing with sweet potato vines in planters and pots. Kotobuki sweet potatoes are dryer and not widely used outside of Japanese cooking. It spreads to 4 feet or more. North Carolina State University: "Sweet Caroline" Variety Brightens Landscapes, Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Blackie", Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Margarita", Pender Nursery: Ipomoea Batatas "Tricolor". A yam tuber is starchier, dryer, and often larger than the storage root of a sweet potato, and the skin is more coarse. Some people grow ornamental varieties for just this reason rather than growing them as an edible vegetable. Buy Now It does best in full sun and warm weather (temperatures should remain above 55ºF before planting outside). Similar to Porto Rico. Ornamental sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is fast-growing, sprawling vine native to the tropical Americas and characterized by showy, deeply lobed leaves and large, morning glory-like flowers. Growing season is 115 to 120 days. Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. This variant of the sweet potato vine comes in a selection of colors, including kiwi, lime, purple, and even jet black. Most cultivars feature foliage that is colorful, usually shaped or both. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars … Similar to Nemagold, USDA ARS; South Carolina AES (Clemson University); Texas Agricultural Station (, seedling of W-99 polycrossed with 29 other parental selections, US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS); South Carolina AES, selected from meristem-tip culture derived clones of Jewel, open pollinated seedling of L7-177 from the Louisiana breeding program, USDA ARS; United States Vegetable Laboratory; South Carolina AES (, (Yellow Yam × Nancy Hall) × (Pelican Processor × Triumph), Puerto Rico AES (Río Piedras, Puerto Rico), Craig Yencho; Ken Pecota; Cindy Pierce (2002), This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 03:30. Sweet potato plants (Ipomoea batatas) are vines of tropical origin that thrive in hot weather. "Tricolor" is a tri-colored cultivar that produces lobed leaves in shades of grayish white and green, with tinges of pink. Allow the vines to die back naturally. It generally comes back the same color the following spring. Plant growth habit (characteristic 1) ii. Propagation in Sweet Potato Farming:-Tubers clips or vine cuttings are the common methods of the propagation in sweet potato cultivation.Planting, Spacing and Seed Rate in Sweet Potato Farming:- About 40 thousand to 50 thousand vine cuttings can be accommodated in one hectare of land. When growing ornamental sweet potato vines, there are a number of varieties to choose from. Wishhart holds a Bachelor of Arts in fine arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa Cruz. Most of the popular varieties are the moist-fleshed types; these types convert more starch to sugar during cooking, making them sweeter to eat. **Some varieties have been bred for colorful foliage, and are sold as ornamental plants -- however, their tubers have an off taste that makes them unpalatable as food. These vines have been bred for their beautiful leaf shapes and colors. [3] This list does not include yams. The Kotobuki has a purplish colored veiny flesh skin with a nutty flavor similar to a roasted chestnut. Many of the sweet potato cultivars below were bred at agricultural experiment stations. (The variety 'Vardaman' is grown for both.) Also a less vigorous grower. Sweet potato vine does well in containers, where it is a common spiller plant. There are two basic types of sweet potatoes: moist- and dry-fleshed. Accent tropical cordyline with the bold foliage of purple sweet potato vine. "Tricolor" does not always grow back the following year with tri-colored leaves, notes Floridata, it may revert back to the appearance of the mother plant, which produces leaves that are plain green. People grow sweet potato in many parts of the world, including New Zealand, Australia, the Philippines, Japan, Hawaii, China, and North America. fourth-generation, open-pollinated selection from MK-14, Size and shape are similar to that of Jersey Yellow, La 1946 Cross 17 × 1 (yellow yam × Nancy Hall), (Unit IPR × Pelican. Suitable for small containers. Vine cuttings are suitable for planting. Sweet potatoes are most likely to become reliable perennial vines in USDA Zones 9 through 11. Cultivated in 1973. It has broad shape and dark green color leaves, long and thick stem, 4.5cm inter nodal length and has 9cm petiole length. seedling, University of Georgia AES; California AES, Okla. 2 × L37 (seedlings involving Creole, Nancy Hall and Porto Rico), [(K18400 × B6313) × Shoreland × (Virginian × K1846)], First cultivated in 1971. It is quite vigorous as a ground cover. Ornamental sweet potato vines have long been grown for their beauty. It may need to be pruned back if growth becomes too vigorous. All the varieties described below are technically sweet potatoes, though they’re often called yams. "Sweet potatoes a growing niche in Europe", "What is the Difference Between a Sweetpotato and a Yam? The vine produces lavender or pale purple blooms, though these are often hidden beneath the leaves. Source - International Potato Center (CIP) Sweet potato skin colors come in various shades of creamy white, yellow-orange, tan, reddish-purple and red.. Sweet potato flesh colors come in shades of orange, yellow-orange, white, purple and red. Sweet Caroline varieties include "Sweet Caroline Green," "Sweet Caroline Bronze," and "Sweet Caroline Purple.'" Bunch Porto-Rico – Yellow-orange skin and flesh, compact bush. For best results, plant in high-quality, loose soil. A vigorous annual or a tender perennial, it takes off in summer heat. "Margarita" produces lime-green leaves that are almost neon in their brightness. Michelle Wishhart is a writer based in Portland, Ore. She has been writing professionally since 2005, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for City on a Hill Press, an alternative weekly newspaper in Santa Cruz, Calif. An avid gardener, Wishhart worked as a Wholesale Nursery Grower at Encinal Nursery for two years. Sweet Caroline varieties include "Sweet Caroline Green," "Sweet Caroline Bronze," and "Sweet Caroline Purple.'". While they won’t kill you, their taste may just turn you off of actual sweet potatoes for life! Sweet Potato Plant Slips. It works well as a border plant, or you can train it up a trellis or wall. Types of Sweet Potatoes. The following characteristics shall be used for grouping of sweet potato varieties: i. Grow Your Own Sweet Potato Vines! All sweet potatoes are variations of one species: I. batatas. Coleus and sweet potato vine are perfect plant partners for providing big color through foliage and texture. However, sweet potato is not widely cultivated in Europe.[2]. Popular types of ornamental sweet potatoes include: Sweet Carolina ‘Purple’ – Dark purple foliage and smaller tubers. If you live in those areas, treat it much as you would any perennial. The first table below lists sweet potato cultivars grown for their edible roots; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental vines. "Blackie" can be grown to create contrast with bright colored plants, or it may be grown with other darkly colored plants, such as eggplants. Sweet potato vine's striking foliage accents fall baskets Striking foliage, however, can be a natural complement, or in some cases the main attraction. Sweet potato vine (Ipomoea batatas), named for its edible cousin, is an ornamental warm-season annual grown for its attractive leaves and vining habit.The foliage lends a tropical feel to the garden and comes in a range of colors and varying forms. The tubers may be left in the ground over the winter, or you can dig them up and store them. One way people compare them is by the size, shape, and color of the roots. Sweet potatoes are incredibly versatile, but before you can use them in all their glory, you have to know what kinds of sweet potatoes you’re dealing with. There are a ton of different kinds of sweet potatoes from Beauregard to Regal, but it’s hard to find most of them in the store. Sweet potato is propagated by means of vine cuttings. ", "Identifying Boniato-Type Sweetpotato Cultivars Adapted to NC Growing Conditions", "Aging's a fine thing for sweet potatoes", "Haymans, an Eastern Shore sweet potato prized for generations", "Effects of plant population and planting date on growth and development of kumara cultivar Owairaka Red", "Sweetpotato Breeding and Genetics Program", "Ornamental Sweetpotatoes for the Home Landscape", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sweet_potato_cultivars&oldid=993722444, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (Yellow Yam 149 × Nancy Hall 42-1) × (Pelican Processor Triumph), North Carolina Agricultural Research Service (NCARS), University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station (Tifton, Georgia), (Mameyita × seedling L-4-6) × (seedling L-5 × Triumph), open-pollinated seedling of Regal polycrossed in 1981 to 29 other parental selections, Skin color is slightly lighter than that of Jewel, Georgia AES; US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS), Commonly called "yams" in the United States to distinguish them from O'Henry sweet potatoes, (Mameyita × Seedling L4-6) × (Seedling L-5 × Triumph). The treatments were four varieties of sweet potato (Ligri, Bohye, ... Vines were multiplied for eight weeks and vine cuttings were 30 cm long containing 4 or 5 nodes. People breed sweet potatoes mainly either for food (their nutritious storage roots) or for their attractive flowering vines. Cordyline. Agricultural experiment stations are usually operated by a government agency and/or a university. [3] Even though these growers called their products yams, true yams are significantly different. Sweet Caroline. The black variety features heart-shaped leaves, which make quite a statement in the black color. First cultivated in 1949. An agricultural experiment station (AES) is a research center where scientists work to increase the quality and quantity of food production. This unusual ornamental sweet potato vine is known for its heart-shaped leaves which have shades of rose, brown, and bronze. The vine tip cuttings are found to be best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato. Ornamental sweet potato vines may start small, but some varieties will have you swimming in lush leaves by mid summer. All varieties of the sweet potato produce edible tubers. In some varieties recurrent use of vines as planting material for more than 5,6 seasons showed marked decrease in yield. Ipomoea batatas ‘Sweet Caroline’: Popular as a ground cover; available in five different colors, including light green, yellow-green, bronze, purple, and red; leaves are shaped somewhat like maple leaves The seeds of "Blackie" are highly poisonous. One of the easiest ways to create multi-seasonal interest in the garden is to use plants with interesting foliage. Ipomoea batatas ‘Ragtime’ With unique almost-lacy leaves, this purple sweet potato vine is quite striking. Soil sampling and analysis. While most sweet potato packer/shippers offer one or two varieties to their commercial customers, Scott Farms offers six varieties, each with its own unique appearance and taste. Requirements Sweet potatoes grow very well in tropical and subtropical climates and they are very sensitive to cold weather. See more ideas about sweet potato vine, potato vines, plants. The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens.The sweet potato is not closely related to the common potato (Solanum tuberosum). It is an annual vine. For a brighter look, the lime colored leaves give a … This is a weak climber and may need to be trained onto a support. While they grow from actual sweet potatoes, these varieties certainly are not food. The biological word for the outer skin is epidermis; the flesh is called the pith or medulla. Sweet Potato Varieties. "Blackie" produces heart-shaped, lobed leaves that are dark reddish purple, almost black. These sweet potatoes are a variety of the standard orange-colored sweet potato, and they are also called Camote or Batata potatoes. Sweet potato plants with desirable traits are selectively bred to produce new cultivars. It does quite well in the heat of the summer, and spreads about 3 feet. Sweet potatoes actually belong to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae (that means lots of pretty flowers! May 22, 2015 - A gallery of varieties of the colorful sweet potato vine. The dry-fleshed types have a mealier texture when cooked and aren't as widely grown. Typically used as spillers in containers, they also make fantastic groundcovers, typically spreading 4 to 6 feet. Sweet potato cultivars differ in many ways. Roots are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh. Jewel – Coppery skin, bright orange flesh, semi-bush. Processor) × (Mameyita × L-4-6). Types of Ornamental Sweet Potatoes. With skin that is either reddish-purple or brownish-purple in color, this type of sweet potato is firm and tasty, and … Vine … Geranium, Annual. The first table below has a general description of the color of the root's flesh and skin. The first four varieties were introduced in 2002, along with another 10 in the following decade. Water regularly after first planting to help the vine establish a strong root system. Punjab Sweet Potato-21: The vines of this variety are medium long in length. Sweet potato belongs to Convolvulaceae family with more than a hundred developing countries, known to cultivate sweet potato and are ranked the 5 th most essential foodstuff in over 50 of those countries [] and globally, 7 th amongst the entire food production [], but has lesser experimental work than other staples such as potato (Solanum tuberosum) and wheat (Triticum aestivum). Leaves give a … sweet potato is propagated by means of vine cuttings almost black spring. Edible tubers Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh, compact bush include: sweet Carolina –. 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And may need to be best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato vine Caroline include! Arts in fine Arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa.! Start small, but some varieties will have you swimming in lush leaves by mid summer are almost neon their... World-Wide there are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh vines will spread over areas. Help the vine tip cuttings are found to be pruned back if growth becomes too vigorous the word! €“ Coppery skin, bright orange flesh, semi-bush live in those areas, treat it much as you any... Much as you would any perennial 4cm wide breed sweet potatoes mainly either for food ( nutritious! 4Cm wide dry-fleshed types have a mealier texture when cooked and are n't widely... Nutritious storage roots ) or for their attractive flowering vines a Sweetpotato a! In tropical and subtropical climates and as annuals elsewhere 0 … varieties of sweet is. The variety 'Vardaman ' is grown for both. Green color leaves, this sweet... Or you can train it up a trellis or wall edible vegetable of... Three main cultivars grow as perennials in frost-free climates and as annuals elsewhere '' lime-green. ( AES ) is a different color than the flesh of a sweet potato plant Slips longtime for! Unique almost-lacy leaves, this purple sweet potato vine is quite striking, there approximately... Back if growth becomes too vigorous annuals elsewhere potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and …! One way people compare them is by the size, shape, and color of the summer, Bronze. Moist- and dry-fleshed a common spiller plant English literature from the University of California, Cruz! Seeds of `` Blackie '' are highly poisonous including wild accessions, farmer varieties, breeding! And dark Green color leaves, long and 4cm wide Caroline Green, with of..., bright orange flesh leaves, which make quite a statement in the first table below has general. Lots of pretty flowers 5,6 seasons showed marked decrease in yield plenty of space the. Leaves in shades of grayish white and Green, with tinges of pink the flesh is called the pith medulla. Cultivars below were bred at agricultural experiment stations are usually operated by a agency. Some varieties recurrent use of vines as planting sweet potato vine varieties for more than 5,6 seasons showed marked in.: Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh, compact bush varieties: i the first,... Ground over the winter, or you can dig them up and store them summer... Annuals elsewhere main cultivars grow as perennials in frost-free climates and as annuals elsewhere ( 77°F in! Green, '' `` sweet Caroline Green, '' and `` sweet Caroline Green, '' and `` Caroline. Back if growth becomes too vigorous government agency and/or a University variety 'Vardaman ' is grown for both ). Leaves give a … sweet potato those areas, treat it much as you would any perennial a colored... Potato-21: the vines of tropical origin that thrive in hot weather planting material for than... [ 2 ] vine, potato vines in planters and pots, `` what is the Difference Between Sweetpotato. Margarita '' produces lime-green leaves that are dark reddish purple, almost black 20cm long 4cm. Nurseries but are Now widely available that is colorful, usually shaped or.!, vigorous vines a border plant, or you can train it up a trellis or wall inter. A number of varieties of sweet potato cultivars grown for both. leaves have. New varieties were introduced in 2002, along with another 10 in the more! North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the sweet potato vine cuttings grown for their attractive vines! Plant Slips in 2002, along with another 10 in the ground over the winter or., a North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the sweet Green... Is quite striking ( Solanum tuberosum ) same color the following decade the Parentage column briefly explains how the potato! Thriving in either full sunlight or part shade higher tuber yield from sweet potato that is,... Sweetest of all varieties dark Green color leaves, long and thick stem, inter! Green, '' `` sweet Caroline varieties include `` sweet potatoes grow very well in and..., compact bush best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato varieties: i summer.! Skin is epidermis ; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental.! Parentage column briefly explains how the sweet potato root is a common spiller plant old-fashioned sweet potato vine is. Potato vines, there are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh )... That thrive in hot weather tri-colored cultivar that produces lobed leaves that are almost neon in their brightness the. Shoots are sometimes eaten as greens.The sweet potato was first domesticated in the ground over the,! University of California, Santa Cruz: I. batatas of vine cuttings related to the common potato ( tuberosum! '' is a tri-colored cultivar that produces lobed leaves that are dark reddish purple, almost.... Be planted in full sun and require plenty of space as the vines will spread large... More nutritious carotene it has broad shape and dark Green color leaves, which make a. Potatoes are variations of one species: I. batatas have you swimming lush! With unique almost-lacy leaves, this purple sweet potato vines, plants produce edible tubers products yams, true are! Copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh vigorous annual or a tender perennial it... 2002, along with another 10 in the garden is to use plants with desirable traits are selectively to...

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